Acid-Base Imbalance Case Study

Acid-Base Imbalance Case Study

Resource 1: Case Study

A 22-year-old woman reports being “sick with the flu” for the past 8 days. She is vomiting several times every day, having difficulty keeping liquids or food down, and has been using more than the recommended dose of antacids in an attempt to calm the nausea. She has become severely dehydrated. After fainting at home, she was taken to a local hospital. An arterial blood gas sample was drawn and then an IV was placed to help rehydrate her. The arterial blood gas revealed the following:Acid-Base Imbalance Case Study

Test                                                     Result                                   Normal levels

pH                                                                   7.5                                                       7.35 – 7.45

PaCO2                                                 40 mm Hg                               35-45 mm Hg

PaO2                                                    95 mm Hg                               80-100 mm Hg

SaO2                            97%                                         95-100%

HCO3-                                           32 meq/liter                       22-26 meq/liter

 

How would you classify the patient’s acid-base disturbance and explain why?

Given the case study, what are the possible factors causing this acid-base disturbance? Explain the pathophysiology created by these factors.Acid-Base Imbalance Case Study

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How would the renal and respiratory systems try to compensate for this acid-base disturbance?

What pharmacologic intervention is commonly used to correct this acid-base disturbance? Describe the pharmacological actions.

Describe the educational needs for this patient and what your approach will be.Acid-Base Imbalance Case Study

 

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Acid-Base Case Study Paper 

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No Submission
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Unsatisfactory
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3
Less than Satisfactory
80.00%
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Satisfactory
88.00%
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Good
92.00%
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Excellent
100.00%
80.0 %Content  
20.0 %Paper correctly classifies the acid-base disturbance and comprehensively explains why the case study fits the acid-base disturbance selected. No paper was turned in to grade. Paper incorrectly classifies the acid-base disturbance and/or does not explain why the case study fits the acid-base disturbance selected. Paper incorrectly classifies the acid-base disturbance but explains why the case study fits the acid-base disturbance selected.Acid-Base Imbalance Case Study Paper correctly classifies the acid-base disturbance and partially explains why the case study fits the acid-base disturbance selected. Paper correctly classifies the acid-base disturbance and adequately explains why the case study fits the acid-base disturbance selected. Paper correctly classifies the acid-base disturbance and comprehensively explains why the case study fits the acid-base disturbance selected.
20.0 %Paper analyzes the possible factors causing the acid-base disturbance and comprehensively explains the pathophysiology created by the causative factors. No paper was turned in to grade. Paper lacks a discussion of the possible factors causing the acid-base disturbance and/or lacks an explanation of the pathophysiology created by the causative factors.Acid-Base Imbalance Case Study Paper insufficiently discusses the possible factors causing the acid-base disturbance and/or insufficiently explains the pathophysiology created by the causative factors. Paper partially discusses the possible factors causing the acid-base disturbance and/or partially explains the pathophysiology created by the causative factors. Paper adequately discusses the possible factors causing the acid-base disturbance and adequately explains the pathophysiology created by the causative factors.Acid-Base Imbalance Case Study Paper analyzes the possible factors causing the acid-base disturbance and comprehensively explains the pathophysiology created by the causative factors.
20.0 %Paper comprehensively discusses how the renal and respiratory systems try to compensate for the acid-base disturbance. No paper was turned in to grade. Paper lacks a discussion of how the renal and/or respiratory systems try to compensate for the acid-base disturbance. Paper insufficiently discusses how the renal and respiratory systems try to compensate for the acid-base disturbance. Paper partially discusses how the renal and respiratory systems try to compensate for the acid-base disturbance.Acid-Base Imbalance Case Study Paper adequately discusses how the renal and respiratory systems try to compensate for the acid-base disturbance. Paper comprehensively discusses how the renal and respiratory systems try to compensate for the acid-base disturbance.
10.0 %Paper comprehensively discusses the pharmacologic intervention(s) commonly used to correct the acid-base disturbance. No paper was turned in to grade. Paper lacks a discussion on the pharmacologic intervention(s) commonly used to correct the acid-base disturbance.Acid-Base Imbalance Case Study Paper insufficiently discusses the pharmacologic intervention(s) commonly used to correct the acid-base disturbance. Paper partially discusses the pharmacologic intervention(s) commonly used to correct the acid-base disturbance. Paper adequately discusses the pharmacologic intervention(s) commonly used to correct the acid-base disturbance. Paper comprehensively discusses the pharmacologic intervention(s) commonly used to correct the acid-base disturbance.
10.0 %Paper comprehensively describes the educational needs for the patient and what the student?s approach will be. No paper was turned in to grade. Paper lacks a discussion of the educational needs for the patient and what the student?s approach will be. Paper insufficiently describes the educational needs for the patient and what the student?s approach will be. Paper partially describes the educational needs for the patient and what the student?s approach will be. Paper adequately describes the educational needs for the patient and what the student?s approach will be.Acid-Base Imbalance Case Study Paper comprehensively describes the educational needs for the patient and what the student?s approach will be.
15.0 %Format and Style  
5.0 %Paragraph Development and Transitions Style No paper was turned in to grade. Paragraphs and transitions consistently lack unity and coherence. No apparent connections between paragraphs. Transitions are inappropriate to purpose and scope. Organization is disjointed.Acid-Base Imbalance Case Study Some paragraphs and transitions may lack logical progression of ideas, unity, coherence, and/or cohesiveness. Some degree of organization is evident. Paragraphs are generally competent, but ideas may show some inconsistency in organization and/or in their relationships to each other. A logical progression of ideas between paragraphs is apparent. Paragraphs exhibit a unity, coherence, and cohesiveness. Topic sentences and concluding remarks are used as appropriate to purpose, discipline, and scope. There is a sophisticated construction of paragraphs and transitions. Ideas universally progress and relate to each other. The writer has been careful to use paragraph and transition construction to guide the reader. Paragraph structure is seamless. Individually and collectively, paragraphs are coherent and cohesive.
5.0 %Mechanics of Writing (includes spelling, punctuation, and grammar) No paper was turned in to grade. Writing errors are pervasive enough that they impede communication of meaning. Frequent and repetitive mechanical errors that distract the reader. Some mechanical errors or typos are present, but are not overly distracting to the reader.Acid-Base Imbalance Case Study Paper is largely free of mechanical errors, although a few may be present. Writer is clearly in control of standard, written American English.
3.0 %Language Use and Audience Awareness (includes sentence construction, word choice, etc.) No paper was turned in to grade. Inappropriate word choice, sentence construction, and/or lack of variety in language use. Writer appears to be unaware of audience. Use of ?primer prose? indicates writer either does not apply figures of speech or uses them inappropriately. Some distracting and/or inconsistencies in language choice (register), sentence structure, and/or word choice are present. Sentence structure may be occasionally ineffective or inappropriate. The writer exhibits some lack of control in using figures of speech appropriately.Acid-Base Imbalance Case Study Sentence structure is correct and occasionally varies. Language is appropriate to the targeted audience for the most part. The writer is clearly aware of audience; uses a variety of sentence structures and appropriate vocabulary for the target audience; uses figures of speech to communicate clearly. The writer uses a variety of sentence constructions, figures of speech, and word choice in unique and creative ways that are appropriate to purpose, discipline, and scope.
2.0 %Excellent adherence to assignment length criteria (within stated criteria) No paper was turned in to grade. This is not included for this part of the paper. Poor adherence to assignment length criteria (within50% of stated criteria). Weak adherence to assignment length criteria (within 25% of stated criteria). Adequate adherence to assignment length criteria (within 10% of stated criteria). Excellent adherence to assignment length criteria (within stated criteria).
5.0 %APA Format  Acid-Base Imbalance Case Study
5.0 %Evaluating and Documenting Sources (includes use of appropriate style, correct citation format in-text and in References section) No paper was turned in to grade.Acid-Base Imbalance Case Study Contains no title page, no References section, and no correctly cited references within the body of the presentation. Title page is incomplete or inaccurate. References section includes sources, but many citation errors. References within the body of the paper are included, but with many citation errors.Acid-Base Imbalance Case Study Title page has minor errors. References section includes sources, but they are not consistently cited correctly. References included within the body of the paper, but with some citation errors. Title page has minor errors. References section includes sources, but they are not consistently cited correctly. References included within the body of the paper, but with some citation errors. Title page is complete. References section includes correctly cited sources. References within the body of the paper are included and correctly cited.
100 %Total Weightage  

 

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