Etiology of Diabetic Ketoacidosis and Pyloric Stenosis Essay
Ms. Blake is an older adult with diabetes and has been too ill to get out of bed for 2 days. She has had a severe cough and has been unable to eat or drink during this time. She has a history of Type I diabetes. On admission her laboratory values show:
|Sodium (Na+)||156 mEq/L|
|Potassium (K+)||4.0 mEq/L|
|Chloride (Cl–)||115 mEq/L|
|Arterial blood gases (ABGs)||pH- 7.30; Pco2-40; Po2-70; HCO3-20|
|Sodium (Na+)||136-146 mEq/L|
|Potassium (K+)||3.5-5.1 mEq/L|
|Chloride (Cl–)||98-106 mEq/L|
|Arterial blood gases (ABGs)||pH- 7.35-7.45
Pco2- 35-45 mmHg
- What is the etiology of Diabetic Ketoacidosis?
- Describe the pathophysiological process of Diabetic Ketoacidosis.
- Identify the hallmark symptoms of Diabetic Ketoacidosis.
- Identify any abnormal lab results provided in the case and explain why these would be abnormal given the patient's condition.
- What teaching would you provide this patient to avoid Diabetic Ketoacidosis symptoms?
In addition to the textbook, utilize at least one peer-reviewed, evidence based resource to develop your post.
- What is the etiology of pyloric stenosis?
- Describe in detail the pathophysiological process of pyloric stenosis.
- Identify hallmark signs identified from the physical exam and presenting symptoms. What diagnostic tests would help to confirm the diagnosis of pyloric stenosis?
- Describe the pathophysiology of complications of pyloric stenosis.
- What teaching would you provide this patient/parents regarding pyloric stenosis?Etiology of Diabetic Ketoacidosis and Pyloric Stenosis Essay