Genetic Alterations and Cancer

Genetic Alterations and Cancer

Cancer presents 9.6 million of death cases in the United States (DeSantis, 2019). Internationally, for every six deaths, one person must be a cancer patient. Some of the factors that lead to the yearly mortality rates from cancer in the United States include poverty, dietary and behavioral risks, drug and tobacco use and abuse, and other infections such as hepatitis B (Torre, 2016). Approximately 65 percent of the cancer deaths come from the people with low-income earnings. Nearly 75 percent of the cancer death cases result from behavioral and dietary risks, low vegetable and fruits intake, high body mass index and lack of physical activity. Another risk factor is the use of tobacco and alcohol that cause s 22 percent of cancer deaths in the United States.

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DeSantis, C. E., Miller, K. D., Goding Sauer, A., Jemal, A., & Siegel, R. L. (2019). Cancer statistics for African Americans, 2019. CA: a cancer journal for clinicians, 69(3), 211-233.

Torre, L. A., Siegel, R. L., Ward, E. M., & Jemal, A. (2016). Global cancer incidence and mortality rates and trends—an update. Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Biomarkers, 25(1), 16-27.

Questions…..

You stated, “Approximately 65 percent of the cancer deaths come from people with low-income earnings." This brings questions to my mind.  Please include in-text citations and references that's within the last 5-7 years.

1) What is considered low-income earnings?

2) What percentage of the population is considered low-income earners?

3) What percentage of low-income earners die from cancer?

4) What percentage of high-income earners die from cancer?

Genetic Alterations and Cancer