NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

Assignment:
The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure 

American writer Nikki Giovanni once said: “Mistakes are a fact of life. It is the response to the error that counts” (Goodreads, 2012). Whenever you make an error when writing a prescription, you must consider the ethical and legal implications of your error—no matter how seemingly insignificant it might be. You may fear the possible consequences and feel pressured not to disclose the error. Regardless, you need to consider the potential implications of non-disclosure. How you respond to the prescription error will affect you, the patient, and the health care facility where you practice. In this Assignment, you examine ethical and legal implications of disclosure and nondisclosure of personal error. NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

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Consider the following scenario:

· You are working as an advanced practice nurse at a community health clinic. You make an error when prescribing a drug to a patient. You do not think the patient would know that you made the error, and it certainly was not intentional. NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

To prepare:

· Consider the ethical implications of disclosure and nondisclosure.

· Research federal and state laws for advanced practice nurses. Reflect on the legal implications of disclosure and nondisclosure for you and the health clinic.

· Consider what you would do as the advanced practice nurse in this scenario including whether or not you would disclose your error. NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

· Review the Institute for Safe Medication Practices website in the Learning Resources. Consider the process of writing prescriptions. Think about strategies to avoid medication errors.

Write a 2- to 3- page paper that addresses the following:

· Explain the ethical and legal implications of disclosure and nondisclosure. Be sure to reference laws specific to your state.

· Describe what you would do as the advanced practice nurse in this scenario including whether or not you would disclose your error. Provide your rationale. NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

· Explain the process of writing prescriptions including strategies to minimize medication errors.

Link:

https://www.ismp.org/recommendations/error-prone-abbreviations-list

Rubric Detail

Quality of Work Submitted: The extent of which work meets the assigned criteria and work reflects graduate level critical and analytic thinking.--

Levels of Achievement:

Excellent 27 (27%) - 30 (30%)

Assignment exceeds expectations. All topics are addressed with a minimum of 75% containing exceptional breadth and depth about each of the assignment topics. NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

Good 24 (24%) - 26 (26%)

Assignment meets expectations. All topics are addressed with a minimum of 50% containing good breadth and depth about each of the assignment topics.

Fair 21 (21%) - 23 (23%)

Assignment meets most of the expectations. One required topic is either not addressed or inadequately addressed.

Poor 0 (0%) - 20 (20%)

Assignment superficially meets some of the expectations. Two or more required topics are either not addressed or inadequately addressed.

Feedback:

Quality of Work Submitted: The purpose of the paper is clear.--

Levels of Achievement:

Excellent 5 (5%) - 5 (5%)

A clear and comprehensive purpose statement is provided which delineates all required criteria.

Good 4 (4%) - 4 (4%)

Purpose of the assignment is stated, yet is brief and not descriptive. NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

Fair 3.5 (3.5%) - 3.5 (3.5%)

Purpose of the assignment is vague or off topic.

Poor 0 (0%) - 3 (3%)

No purpose statement was provided.

Feedback:

Assimilation and Synthesis of Ideas: The extend to which the work reflects the student's ability to: Understand and interpret the assignment's key concepts.--

Levels of Achievement:

Excellent 9 (9%) - 10 (10%)

Demonstrates the ability to critically appraise and intellectually explore key concepts.

Good 8 (8%) - 8 (8%)

Demonstrates a clear understanding of key concepts.

Fair 7 (7%) - 7 (7%)

Shows some degree of understanding of key concepts.

Poor 0 (0%) - 6 (6%)

Shows a lack of understanding of key concepts, deviates from topics.

Feedback:

Assimilation and Synthesis of Ideas: The extend to which the work reflects the student's ability to: Apply and integrate material in course resources (i.e. video, required readings, and textbook) and credible outside resources.--

Levels of Achievement:

Excellent 18 (18%) - 20 (20%)

Demonstrates and applies exceptional support of major points and integrates 2 or more credible outside sources, in addition to 2-3 course resources to suppport point of view. NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

Good 16 (16%) - 17 (17%)

Integrates specific information from 1 credible outside resource and 2-3 course resources to support major points and point of view. NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

Fair 14 (14%) - 15 (15%)

Minimally includes and integrates specific information from 2-3 resources to support major points and point of view.

Poor 0 (0%) - 13 (13%)

Includes and integrates specific information from 0 to 1 resoruce to support major points and point of view.

Feedback:

Assimilation and Synthesis of Ideas: The extend to which the work reflects the student's ability to: Synthesize (combines various components or different ideas into a new whole) material in course resources (i.e. video, required readings, textbook) and outside, credible resources by comparing different points of view and highlighting similarities, differences, and connections.-- NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

Levels of Achievement:

Excellent 18 (18%) - 20 (20%)

Synthesizes and justifies (defends, explains, validates, confirms) information gleaned from sources to support major points presented. Applies meaning to the field of advanced nursing practice.

Good 16 (16%) - 17 (17%)

Summarizes information gleaned from sources to support major points, but does not synthesize.

Fair 14 (14%) - 15 (15%)

Identifies but does not interpret or apply concepts, and/or strategies correctly; ideas unclear and/or underdeveloped.

Poor 0 (0%) - 13 (13%)

Rarely or does not interpret, apply, and synthesize concepts, and/or strategies.

Feedback:

Written Expression and Formatting Paragraph and Sentence Structure: Paragraphs make clear points that support well developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are clearly structured and carefully focused--neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance.--

Levels of Achievement:

Excellent 5 (5%) - 5 (5%)

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for structure, flow, continuity and clarity

Good 4 (4%) - 4 (4%)

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for structure, flow, continuity and clarity 80% of the time.

Fair 3.5 (3.5%) - 3.5 (3.5%)

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for structure, flow, continuity and clarity 60%- 79% of the time.

Poor 0 (0%) - 3 (3%)

Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for structure, flow, continuity and clarity < 60% of the time.

Feedback:

Written Expression and Formatting English writing standards: Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuation--

Levels of Achievement:

Excellent 5 (5%) - 5 (5%) NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

Uses correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation with no errors.

Good 4 (4%) - 4 (4%)

Contains a few (1-2) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors. NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

Fair 3.5 (3.5%) - 3.5 (3.5%)

Contains several (3-4) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors.

Poor 0 (0%) - 3 (3%)

Contains many (≥ 5) grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors that interfere with the reader’s understanding.

Feedback:

Written Expression and Formatting The paper follows correct APA format for title page, headings, font, spacing, margins, indentations, page numbers, running head, parenthetical/in-text citations, and reference list.--

Levels of Achievement:

Excellent 5 (5%) - 5 (5%)

Uses correct APA format with no errors.

Good 4 (4%) - 4 (4%)

Contains a few (1-2) APA format errors.

Fair 3.5 (3.5%) - 3.5 (3.5%)

Contains several (3-4) APA format errors.

Poor 0 (0%) - 3 (3%)

Contains many (≥ 5) APA format errors.

Feedback:

Total Points: 100

Name: NURS_6521_Week2_Application_Rubric

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This is your introductory paragraph designed to inform the reader of what you will cover in the paper. (BSN Students - Carefully follow your course-specific Grading Rubric concerning the content that is required for your assignment and the Academic Writing Expectations [AWE] level of your course.) This template’s formatting—Times New Roman 12-point font, double spacing, 1” margins, 1/2” indentations beginning of each paragraph, page numbers, and page breaks—is set for you, and you do not need to change it. NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment. Do not add any extra spaces between the heading and the text (you may want to check Spacing under Paragraph, and make sure settings are all set to “0”). The ideas in this paper should be in your own words and supported by credible outside evidence. Cite the author, year of publication, and page number, if necessary, per APA. The introductory paragraph should receive no specific heading because the first section functions as your paper’s introduction. Build this paragraph with the following elements:

1. Briefly detail what has been said or done regarding the topic. NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

2. Explain the problem with what has been said or done.

3. Create a purpose statement (also commonly referred to as a thesis statement) as the last sentence of this paragraph: “The purpose of this paper is to describe…”.

Level 1 Heading (Name According to the Grading Rubric Required Content)

This text will be the beginning of the body of the paper. Even though this section has a new heading, make sure to connect this section to the previous one so readers can follow along with the ideas and research presented. The first sentence, or topic sentence, in each paragraph should transition from the previous paragraph and summarize the main point in the paragraph. Make sure each paragraph addresses only one topic. When you see yourself drifting to another idea, make sure you break into a new paragraph. NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment. Avoid long paragraphs that are more than three-fourths of a page. Per our program recommendations, each paragraph should be at least 3-4 sentences in length and contain a topic sentence, evidence, analysis, and a conclusion or lead out sentence. In your paragraphs, synthesize your resources/readings into your own words and avoid using direct quotations. In the rare instances you do use a direct quotation of a historical nature from a source, the page or paragraph numbers are also included in the citation. For example, Leplante and Nolin (2014) described burnout as "a negative affective response occurring as result of chronic work stress" (p. 2). When you transition to a new idea, you should begin a new paragraph. NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

Another Level 1 Heading (Name According to the Grading Rubric Required Content)

Here is another Level 1 heading. Again, the topic sentence of this section should explain how this paragraph is related to or a result of what you discussed in the previous section. Consider using transitions between sentences to help readers see the connections between ideas.

Be sure to credit your source(s) in your paper using APA style. The APA Manual 6th edition and the Walden Writing Center are your best citation resources. Writing Center resources are available at https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/apa/citations. You must appropriately and correctly cite all works used in your document. NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

The following paragraph provides examples of in-text citation examples. According to Leplante (2014), employers cause burnout when employees are stressed by too much work. Or you might write and cite in this manner: Employers cause burnout when employees are stressed by too much work (Leplante, 2014). When paraphrasing, the author name and year of publication in citations is required by APA to direct the reader to a specific source in the reference list. Personal communications are not listed in the reference page but are noted in text as (S. Wall, personal communication, May 24, 2018). This should immediately follow the content of the interview. NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

Another Level 1 Heading (Name According to the Grading Rubric Required Content)

APA can seem difficult to master, but following the general rules becomes easier with use. The Writing Center also offers numerous APA resources on its website and can answer your questions via email . Prior to submitting your paper for grading, submit your draft to SafeAssign Drafts found in the left column of your course.

And so forth until the conclusion…. NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

Conclusion

The conclusion section should recap the major points of your paper. Do not introduce new ideas in this paragraph; the conclusion should interpret what you have written and what it means in the bigger picture.

References

Please note that the following references are intended as examples only. List your own references in alphabetical order. Also, these illustrate different types of references; you are responsible for any citations not included in this list. In your paper, be sure every reference entry matches a citation, and every citation refers to an item in the reference list. NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

Journal Article; One Author; DOI

Leplante, J. P. (2014). Consultas and socially responsible investing in Guatemala: A case study examining Maya perspectives on the Indigenous right to free, prior, and informed consent. Society & Natural Resources, 27(4), 231–248. doi:10.1080/08941920.2013.861554  NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

Journal Article, Two Authors; URL

Eaton, T. V., & Akers, M. D. (2007). Whistleblowing and good governance. CPA Journal, 77(6), 66–71. Retrieved from http://www.cpajournal.com/

Journal Article, Three to Six Authors; URL

Rasmussen, A., Hopkins, B., & Fitzpatrick, C. (2004). Systematic review. CPU Journal, 6(9), 44-51. Retrieved from http/www.cpujournal.com/

Journal Article, Seven Authors or more; DOI

Kernis, M. H., Cornell, D. P., Sun, C. R., Berry, A., Harlow, T., Asgaard, G.,….Bach, J. S. (1993). There's more to self-esteem than whether it is high or low: The importance of stability of self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65(9) 1190-1204. doi:10.1080/08941920.2013.861554

Book; One Author

Weinstein, J. A. (2010). Social change (3rd ed.). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

Book; Chapter in an Edited Book

Christensen, L. (2001). For my people: Celebrating community through poetry. In B. Bigelow, B. Harvey, S. Karp, & L. Miller (Eds.), Rethinking our classrooms: Teaching for equity and justice (Vol. 2; pp. 16–17). Milwaukee, WI: Rethinking Schools.

Professional Organization Article

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010). Nutrition. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/nutrition/

Professional Organization Web page

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2018). Back to school. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/features/teens-back-to-school/index.html

Professional Organization Book

American Nurses Association. (2010). Nursing: Scope and standards of practice (2nd ed.). Silver Spring, MD: Author. NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

Two or more works by same author in the same year

Wall, S. (2018a). Effects of friendship on children’s behavior. Journal of Social Psychology, 4(1), 101-105.

Wall, S. (2018b). Trials of parenting adolescents with deviant behaviors. Journal of Child Psychology, 4(12), 167-161.

Government Article

National Institute of Mental Health. (1990). Clinical training in serious mental illness (DHHS Publication No. ADM 90-1679). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

Lecture Notes

Health effects of exposure to forest fires [Lecture notes]. (2005). Retrieved from https://class.waldenu.edu

Personal Communication (Only Goes in Body of Paper and not in References)

Video/DVD

Laureate Education (Producer). (2009). Title of program here [DVD]. In Title of video here. Baltimore, MD: Author.

Television (Audio)

Important, I. M. (Producer). (1990, November 1). The nightly news hour [Television broadcast]. New York, NY: Central Broadcasting Service.

APA Resources

You have other several options to assist you in the formulation of your reference page.

· Your American Psychological Association (APA) Manual is your best reference resource. Use the current edition with a copyright date of 2009. NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment

· The Walden Writing Center also a great place for referencing advice at https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/apa/references.

· Citation and reference examples are provided in the ‘BSN TOP Ten References and Citations” handout found in the Writing Resources tab of the course. This document covers the 10 most commonly used reference and citation formats. You are responsible to look up any that are not included on this list.

NURS 6521 : The Ethics and Legalities of Medication Error Disclosure Assignment