PICOT Statement for Patients with Dementia Assignment

PICOT Statement for Patients with Dementia Assignment

Review the Topic Materials and the work completed in NRS-433V to formulate a PICOT statement for your capstone project.

A PICOT starts with a designated patient population in a particular clinical area and identifies clinical problems or issues that arise from clinical care. The intervention should be an independent, specified nursing change intervention. The intervention cannot require a provider prescription. Include a comparison to a patient population not currently receiving the intervention, and specify the timeframe needed to implement the change process. PICOT Statement for Patients with Dementia Assignment

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Formulate a PICOT statement using the PICOT format provided in the assigned readings. The PICOT statement will provide a framework for your capstone project.

In a paper of 500-750 words, clearly identify the clinical problem and how it can result in a positive patient outcome.

Make sure to address the following on the PICOT statement:

  1. Evidence-Based Solution
  2. Nursing Intervention
  3. Patient Care
  4. Health Care Agency
  5. Nursing Practice

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required. PICOT Statement for Patients with Dementia Assignment

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

The critique of ethical consideration of patients with dementia

Introduction

Based on Pan et al. (2013) study, the severities of the behavioural and psychological symptoms that are evident for vascular dementia are clearly presented. The research focuses on the application of quantitative measures to understand the severity of the symptoms using a sample of 51 patients with vascular dementia (Pan et al., 2013). The analysis considered the fluctuation of the behavioural symptoms based on diurnal, evening, and nocturnal activities. The ageing population has been outlined as being a risk factor for the continued prevalence and rise in the cases of dementia for decades. This paper will critique the PICOT statement on the grounds of those living with dementia in their daily lives.

PICOT statement for patients with dementia

P- (problem/patient/population): the research will focus on patients living with dementia (PWD)

I- Intervention will come in the form of integrating regular exercises to dementia patients to help improve memory loss and maintain a healthy fit.

C- Comparison: if a patient cannot engage in productive and useful forms of exercises, provide a supportive environment through informal caregiving to facilitate relaxation and safety.

O- Outcome: the outcome of the study is an improved overall safety of a patient living with dementia to reduce re-hospitalizations that result from injuries. PICOT Statement for Patients with Dementia Assignment

T- Time- this will show the time required in addressing the problem of dementia among home care patients.

Background information

Dementia generally is used to refer to the symptoms shown by individuals and mostly relate to memory. There have been complaining about the existence of rare signs amongst patients who visit clinical institutions. This included the loss of memory hence reducing their ability to carry out their daily tasks appropriately. However, it had been clearly proven that there was little that was done in realizing the desired the desired solutions to help out the patients. At higher stages patients showed problems in communication and language, focusing and paying attention, perceptions relating to visions, judgment and how the patients reasoned out. PICOT Statement for Patients with Dementia Assignment. This, therefore, prompted the need to carry out a qualitative and quantitative study with a major aim of presenting ethical issues that relate to patients with dementia. The study was based on scholarly articles to present appropriate information that can help curb such instances in most or all medical and clinical institutions hence saving the patients. It is evident that the lack of patient care and safety acted as the major reason as to why there was the need to carry out the study. The care and safety can best be provided by the members of the family and the clinical attendants in a bid to improve the quality of life. The close attention needed to the patients is because of their age bracket which is majorly the aged (Neubert, König and Brettschneider, 2018). PICOT Statement for Patients with Dementia Assignment

The method of study

In collecting relevant data relating to the statement or the problem, both qualitative and quantitative methods were used in the study. The relevant directions were achieved through the inclusions of the values, concepts, perspectives and individuals that acted as guidelines in the entire process of data collection and analysis. When dealing directly with the dementia patients questionnaires were used by the nurses (Pan, Yoshida, Liu, Wu, Wang, Zhu and Cai, 2013). However, there were different scales and assessment tools used in the establishment of the dominant symptoms as exemplified using the Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) for assessment. PICOT Statement for Patients with Dementia Assignment. Based on the assessment, vascular dementia (VD) was found as one of the forms of dementia that is linked to the presence of atherosclerosis (Pan et al., 2013). PICOT Statement for Patients with Dementia Assignment. Some of the BPSD (behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia) like aggressive behaviour, mood alterations, hallucinations, day-night rhythm disturbances, and agitation are common in the late course of dementia like VD and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) (Pan et al., 2013). Among the different symptoms, agitation is identified as being noticeably burdensome on family members and professional caregivers. The research identifies the necessity of using the BEHAVE-AD (behavioural pathology in Alzheimer’s disease rating scale) while monitoring BPSD. However, the BEHAVE-AD assessments fail because of their subjective nature and the overdependence on personnel resources in the hospital setting (Pan et al., 2013). PICOT Statement for Patients with Dementia Assignment

The use of the NPI scale may demand the use of a semi-structured interview that is administered by the research or a clinician with the caregiver of the person with dementia. A research a few years presented the guidelines concerning dementia. The span of the study that was conducted took around six months in the year 2009 to December 2011. Further, the research was conducted at the Department of Neurology of Shuguang Hospital where the subjects were recruited from. The researchers firstly examined 138 patients that had been diagnosed with different dementia-related conditions, including, AD, Lewy body dementia, and Parkinson-dementia among others. PICOT Statement for Patients with Dementia Assignment. The exclusion and inclusion criteria further attest to the rigour of the research. To enhance credibility, the statistical method was also used in evaluating the eligibility of the major topics relating to dementia in relation to the clinical operations. For instance, it was found out that only 56 patients met the threshold based on the mean age of 60.2 with the acceptable deviation being ± 9.7 and the mean duration of the illness being 6.9 and a deviation of ± 5.2 years. Of all the 56 patients used in the study, different portions had signs of varied dementia types. 26 had been diagnosed with multi-infarct dementia and 30 with subcortical dementia. The use of the Ninds-Airen criteria served to enhance the credibility of the research as the subjects fulfilled the conditions for the probability of VD. PICOT Statement for Patients with Dementia Assignment

Some patients were excluded from the original samples to enhance eligibility. Those patients who had a historical background of other infections like schizophrenia were excluded based on clear inclusion-exclusion criteria in relation to the nursing ability needed in curbing the dementia conditions. This was done with a major aim of ensuring security in relation to the nursing ethics in Shuguang Hospital and the declaration of Helsinki. In using the chosen methods, the nursing and the general medical ethics were to be considered for patients showing signs of dementia. PICOT Statement for Patients with Dementia Assignment. Therefore, the patients were evaluated on the basis of how the nurses administered drugs according to the prescriptions of the doctors. This was majorly done with an aim of enhancing the reliability and credibility of the study in general. The methods were used as complements to each other hence enhanced the reliability of the findings. SPSS Windows Version 17.0 was used because of the statistical approaches that were incorporated in the qualitative section that was majorly accounting analysis. PICOT Statement for Patients with Dementia Assignment

Results of the study

The study was successful based on the methods selected hence statistical errors were minimized. The subjects under research dropped with the initial number reducing by five leaving 51 patients to affect the study. This was so because some patients who had historical disorders were excluded from the study. It was realized that the behaviour of patients with dementia disorder was thought to relate to the aged in the society who later on displayed signs like the lack of memory. There was little attention given to the dementia victims by their family members and the medical practitioners especially the nurses. The government had done very little to help curb the problems experienced by the dementia victims in the society. PICOT Statement for Patients with Dementia Assignment. It was therefore proven that the assumptions and the thoughts that dementia was associated with the aged were true and that its major signs were the loss of memory, poor judgment and poor vision. This is based on pieces of evidence in the articles and the general life experiences. Therefore, as much as the nurses are blamed for the little concern towards the dementia patients, their laxity is as a result of the lack of facilities from the government and other health stakeholders. Safety and care facilities are among those are rarely provided by the government especially towards the dementia patients. PICOT Statement for Patients with Dementia Assignment. Based on the study, it was limited by sample sizes and the number of participants involved. Lack of inclusion of the nurses and other medical practitioners limited the amount of information collected. It can be recommended based on the results that the elderly should be given the efficient care just as the females and infants. The nurses also need to take up responsibility and use the little available resources in solving the health challenges in the society. PICOT Statement for Patients with Dementia Assignment

Ethical considerations

The entire process before being carried out was approved by the necessary authorities; health providers. This means that there was valid authenticity in investing the 56 participants with dementia disorders. Any information provided was secure and private hence was prevented from unauthorized access. The study was carried out appropriately without causing harm to the environment and its inhabitants. The participants provided a written consent before their participation. After analysis, any information recorded was to be destroyed while others saved and protected with a strong passkey (Hughes and Common, 2015). PICOT Statement for Patients with Dementia Assignment

Conclusion

Dementia should be seen as a deadly disorder hence the government should take caution in helping out the patients. Nurses should be at the forefront of using the available facilities to save the patients to enhance quality life for all and promoting professionalism. They should provide care for these patients so as to help them see their worth in the society. However, the family members should provide the necessary attention needed so as to help the patients curb personal challenges in their daily lives. PICOT Statement for Patients with Dementia Assignment

References

Hughes, J., & Common, J. (2015). Ethical issues in caring for patients with dementia. Nursing Standard, 29(49), 42-47. doi: 10.7748/ns.29.49.42.e9206

Neubert, L., König, H., & Brettschneider, C. (2018). Seeking the balance between caregiving in dementia, family, and employment: study protocol for a mixed method study in Northern Germany. BMJ Open8(2), e019444. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019444. PICOT Statement for Patients with Dementia Assignment

Pan, W., Yoshida, S., Liu, Q., Wu, C., Wang, J., Zhu, J., & Cai, D. (2013). Quantitative evaluation of severity of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia in patients with vascular dementia. Translational Neurodegeneration, 2(1), 9. doi: 10.1186/2047-9158-2-9

PICOT Statement for Patients with Dementia Assignment