Research Article Critique Nursing Paper

Research Article Critique Nursing Paper

Research Article Critique Guidelines

Purpose

The purpose of this assignment completed as an APA Paper is for the student to learn to examine, analyze, critique, and summarize an original research article. 

Course Outcomes

Through this assignment, the student will demonstrate the ability to meet the following course outcomes:

CO1: Examine the sources of evidence that contribute to professional nursing practice. (PO7)

CO2: Apply research principles to the interpretation of the content of published research studies. (POs 4 and 8)

CO4: Evaluate published nursing research for credibility and lab significance related to evidence-based practice. (POs 4 and 8)Research Article Critique Nursing Paper

CO5: Recognize the role of research findings in evidence-based practice. (POs 7 and 8)

Requirements

Through this assignment, the student will:

  1. Critique the required article found below and in your own words, describe the research question, sample, design of study, data collection method, findings, and limitations of each. (CO 1, CO2,)
  2. Summarize the research article and evaluate the significance to nursing. Do not just quote the author's words. Paraphrase the information. (CO 4, CO5).

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You are required to use the article below or you will earn a "0" for the assignment. In addition, assignments that do not follow the current guidelines and use the required article will be evaluated for evidence of an academic integrity violation.

After the due date, there will be no opportunity for revision or resubmission of assignments that have been uploaded to the submission area. It is your responsibility to submit the correct assignment to the correct submission area.Research Article Critique Nursing Paper 

Guidelines to Writing the Paper

  1. This assignment is completed as an APA paper.
  2. Download the required article for analysis:

Lesiuk, T. (2015). The effect of mindfulness-based music therapy on attention and mood in women receiving adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer: A pilot study. Oncology Nursing Forum, 42(3), 276-282.

https://chamberlainuniversity.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edswsc&AN=000354233000010&site=eds-live&scope=site (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

  1. Introduction (one paragraph): The introduction should be interesting and capture the reader's attention.
    1. Provide a brief description of the research article to be discussed.
    2. Discuss the purpose of your paper. The purpose statement of the paper should relate to the research article reviewed and the implications that it has to evidence based nursing practice.
    3. You will need to summarize and analyze the information from the article in your own words
  2. Describe the research question for this study in a paragraph.Research Article Critique Nursing Paper
    1. Describe the research in greater detail.
    2. Include your observations about this question.
    3. Discuss events or trends that could have affected this question.
    4. You will need to summarize and analyze the information from the article in your own words
  3. Describe the research design of this study, and in your own words discuss the design.
    1. Discuss the research design of the study.
    2. Discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the type of design and hypothesize why the author utilized the design as opposed to others.
    3. You will need to summarize the information from the article in your own words
  4. Describe the sample.Research Article Critique Nursing Paper
  5. Briefly describe the sample size used for this study
  6. Make a judgment as to whether the sample size was adequate and defend your answer.
  7. Describe the number or participants and determine if the number of participants was adequate compared to the research question and the intent of the study.
  8. Are these numbers adequate? Discuss gaps in that you identified.
  9. You will need to summarize and analyze the information from the article in your own words
  10. Describe the data collection method(s)'
  11. Who collected the data?
  12. What tools were used?
  13. What were the ethical considerations addressed and discuss gaps you identified.
  14. You will need to summarize and analyze the information from the article in your own words
  15. Describe the limitations of the study.
  16. Identify the limitations within the study
  17. Describe how the limitations could be overcome in subsequent studies
  18. Comment on why limitations are important to list and discuss within a study
  19. You will need to summarize and analyze the information from the article in your own words
  20. Describe the findings reported in the study.
  21. Describe the findings reported in the study
  22. Discuss whether the findings of the study answered the research question posed within the study
  23. Discuss the credibility of the findings Research Article Critique Nursing Paper
  24. If the findings do not support the research question posed within the study, what do you believe is the reason?
  25. You will need to summarize and analyze the information from the article in your own words
  26. Summary
    1. Summarize important points from the body of your paper including the key components of the paper.
    2. Include a statement about the research question and the findings.
    3. Discuss the probability of implementation into practice. Based on these findings, is the evidence that you found on your topic strong enough to suggest a change in practice, or an idea for practice?
    4. End with a concluding statement.Research Article Critique Nursing Paper

 

PICOT Worksheet – Week 3

For Use March 2018

Name: XXX

Date:

Your Instructor’s Name:  XX

Purpose: To identify a problem or concern that nursing can change and develop a PICOT question to guide the change project.

Directions: Use the form below to complete the Week 3 Assignment PICOT Evidence Worksheet. This includes filling in the table with information about your research question and your PICOT elements and the second part is filling in the Evidence Worksheet.

Step 1: Select the key PICO terms for searching the evidence. Clearly define your PICOT question. List each element P (problem, population, or problem), I (intervention), C (Comparison with other treatment/current practice), and O (Desired outcome), T (Time Frame).  Is the potential solution something for which you (as nurse or student) can find a solution through evidence research? Look in your book for guidelines to developing your PICOT question and also read the required articles.Research Article Critique Nursing Paper

Step 2: Identify the problem. What have you noticed in your work or school environment that isn’t achieving the desired patient or learning outcomes? What needs to change in nursing, what can you change with the support of evidence in the literature? Describe the problem or practice issue that you want to research. What is your practice area; clinical, education, or administration? (This is NOT where you will list your PICOT question)

Step 3: How was the practice issues identified? How did you come to know this was a problem in your clinical practice? Review the listed concerns and check all that apply.

Step 4: Identifies and documents four sources of evidence. What evidence must be gathered? What sources of reliable information will be helpful for your particular question? Describes rationale for all checked types of evidence

Step 5: What terms will you use in order to make sure that your search is wide enough to obtain required information but narrow enough to keep it focused?  How will you narrow your search if needed?

 

 Research Article Critique Nursing Paper 

PICOT Question
What is the PICOT question?

In the hospital clinical nursing staff (P) how does increased nurse to patient ratios (I) compared to current practice (C) influence the detrimental consequences (O)? no timeframe (T)

Define each element of the question below:

P- (Patient, population, or problem): Hospital clinical nursing staff

I- (Intervention): Increased staffing

C- (Comparison with other treatment/current practice): Current practice

O- (Desired outcome): reduction of staff; lassitude, injuries, resigning, nurse medication errors, inadequate charting

T- (Time Frame): No time frame

 

 

What is the practice issue/problem?

Current practice of nursing staff ratios in the hospital arena are based on assuming. It assumes all patients are average, nurses are equal in competency and on-hands knowledge.Research Article Critique Nursing Paper

The problem begins when staffing is not based on the acuity levels of the patients but instead based on the number of patients, as well as not considering the level of nursing expertise. Also, not considering the amount of time it requires for patients; complex dressing changes, to and from procedures / diagnostic testing, documentation, discharges, admissions, educating, updating patient’s families, phone calls to and from doctors, etc.

What is the scope of the issue?

Due to current staffing practices, nursing staff and patients are at an increased risk of injury. Research data has shown higher nurse to patient ratios increases;

Risk for the patients include but not limited too; medication errors, increased rate of falls, infections such as Sepsis, urinary and respiratory, increased pressure ulcers, heart failure and an increased in mortality rates.

Risk for the nursing staff include but not limited too; musculoskeletal & needlestick injuries, job-dissatisfaction, high turn-over rate of co-workers, decreased patient satisfaction scores, and burnout-described as “chronic fatigue, irritability, insomnia, headaches, back pain, weight gain, depression, and high blood pressure” (Dorning, 2016).Research Article Critique Nursing Paper

What is the need for change?

The need for change includes; protection of nurses, nursing staff and patients from corporations putting profits over people, a federally mandated nurse to patient ratio to ensure compliance and mandated public knowledge of staffing ratios, patient injuries, hospital acquired; infections, pressure ulcers, preventable deaths and lawsuits against the doctors and hospitals, including settlements. Staffing based on data-driven, acuity-level to prevent human bias, when creating assignments. Educating nursing leaders, staff, administration and board members on the evidence-based data gathered since the implementation of California’s mandatory nurse to patient ratios and the value of quality and better outcomes for patients, improve staff morale and decreased cost to hospitals.Research Article Critique Nursing Paper

 

What is the practice area?

(check all that apply)

_x__ Clinical

_x__ Education

Hospital Clinical Care Areas

__x_ Administration

__x_ Other

How was the practice issue identified? (check all that apply)

_x_ Safety/risk management concerns

_x_ Unsatisfactory patient outcomes

_x_ Wide variations in practice

_x_ Significant financial concerns

 

___ Difference between hospital and community practice

_x__ Clinical practice issue is a concern

___ Procedure or process is a time waster

___ Clinical practice issue has no scientific base

_x__ Other: mandated versus non-mandated staff to patient ratios, associated cost-factors

What evidence must be gathered? (Identifies and documents four sources of evidence. Describes rationale for all checked types of evidence)Research Article Critique Nursing Paper
_x__ Literature search

_x__ Guidelines

_x__ Expert Opinion

___ Patient Preferences

_x__ Clinical Expertise

_x__ Financial Analysis

_x__ Standards (Regulatory, professional, community)

_x__ Other

I chose the article by Jennifer Dorning, Department for Professional Employees, AFL-CIO. Safe-Staffing Ratios: Benefiting Nurses and Patients. Fact Sheet, May 2016, due to the author’s snip-it overview of 40 journal articles by professional organizations including data related to the before and after of California’s mandated staffing ratios.Research Article Critique Nursing Paper

The article Nurse Staffing Is an Important Strategy to Prevent Medication Errors in Community Hospitals by Frith, Anderson & Fong, September 2012, was chosen due to the Statistical analysis and descriptive data, showing inadequate staffing, inexperience skill set of staff, nurse fatigue, and cost of preventable medication errors with adverse effects.

OSHA, Occupational Safety & Health Administration 32-page report, Facts About Hospital Worker Safety, September 2013 illustrates hospitals ranking as the dangerous place to work in the United States, risk factors associated with healthcare staff, data collected on injuries and the major causes of these injuries. The financial cost affiliated with injuries associated to patient and staff and of nursing staff turnover. Also, present research data demonstrating decreased injuries in frequency and severity and the decreased associated cost when hospital administrators are proactive in workplace safety. Also, resulting in improved patient care and satisfaction survey scores.Research Article Critique Nursing Paper

California’s nurse-to-patient ratio law and occupational injury, by Leigh, Markis, Iosif, & Romano is an in-depth research analysis of before law and after law effects involving healthcare workers illness, injuries, improved patient outcomes, and job satisfaction. The data collected will assist in my research to prove increased nursing staff to lower patient ratios will improve the quality of care patients received, decrease nurse burnout and injuries.

 

Search terms/How to narrow the search?

“nursing and occupational hazards”, “burnout”, “fatigue & nursing”, “staff turnover”, “nursing and physical hazards”, “nursing & musculoskeletal injuries” ‘workplace health & safety”, “statistical data & healthcare injuries”, “errors & nursing”, “patient & staff safety”Research Article Critique Nursing Paper

Utilizing the databases of Chamberlain University “EBSCO”, and Google Scholar Search, filtering the publications dates from 2012 – 2018 and maintaining the 5-year limitation. Using the advance search with Boolean/Phrase and setting limitations to full text, peer-reviewed, published date and English.

 

References

 

 

Dorning, Jennifer. (May 2016). Department for Professional Employees, AFL-CIO. Safe-

Staffing Ratios: Benefiting Nurses and Patients. Fact Sheet, 2016

Retrieved from http://dpeaflcio.org/wp-content/uploads/Safe-staffing-Ratios-2013.pdf

 

Frith, K. H., Anderson, E. F., Fan, T., & Fong, E. A. (2012). Nurse Staffing Is an

Important Strategy to Prevent Medication Errors in Community Hospitals. Nursing Economic$30(5), 288-294.

 

Google Scholar Research, 2018: https://scholar.google.com/

Research Article Critique Nursing Paper

IOSIF, A., Leigh, J. P., Romano, P. S., Markis, C. A., & Iosif, A. (2015, October). California's

nurse-to-patient ratio law and occupational injury. International Archives Of Occupational And Environmental Health88(4), 477-484.

 

OSHA, Occupational Safety & Health Administration. (2013, September). Facts About Hospital

Worker Safety. Retrieved from https://www.osha.gov/dsg/hospitals/documents/1.2_Factbook_508.pdf

 

NR439 Research Article Critique Paper Rubric

 

Criteria Ratings Pts
Research Question

(Describe, analyze, and summarize the research question for this study your own words.)

Fully describes, analyzes, and summarizes the research question in detail

20.0 pts

Generally, describes, and analyzes the research question.

18.0 pts

Briefly summarizes the research question, but omits some aspects of the question.

16.0 pts

Incorrectly describes the research question.

8.0 pts

Does not describe the research question.

0.0 pts

20.0 pts
Design of Study

(Describe, analyze, and summarize the research design of this study in your own words.)

Fully describes, analyzes, and summarizes the design of the study in detail.

20.0 pts

Generally, describes, and analyzes the design of the study.

18.0 pts

Briefly summarizes the design of the study, but omits some aspects of the design.Research Article Critique Nursing Paper

16.0 pts

Incorrectly describes the design of the study.

8.0 pts

Does not describe the design of the study.

0.0 pts

20.0 pts
Sample/Population of the Study

(Describe, analyze, and summarize the sample in your own words.)

Fully describes, analyzes, and summarizes the sample used in the study in detail.

25.0 pts

Generally, describes, and analyzes the sample used in the study.

22.0 pts

Briefly summarizes the sample used in the study, but omits some details.

20.0 pts

Incorrectly describes the sample in the study, or omits major details

10.0 pts

Does not describe the sample used in the study.

0.0 pts

25.0 pts
Data Collection Methods

(Describe, analyze, and summarize the data collection method(s)’ in your own words.)

Fully describes, analyzes, and summarizes all of the data collection methods used in the study.

25.0 pts

Generally, describes, and analyzes the majority of data collection methods used in the study.

22.0 pts

Briefly summarizes and describes parts of the data collection method used in the study.

20.0 pts

Incorrectly describes the data collection method used in the study.

10.0 pts

Does not describe the data collection method used in the study.

0.0 pts

25.0 pts
Limitations

(Describe, analyze, and summarize the limitations of the study in your own words.)

Fully describes, analyzes, and summarizes the limitations found in the study in detail.

20.0 pts

Generally, describes, and analyzes the limitations found in the study.

18.0 pts

Briefly summarizes the limitations found in the study.Research Article Critique Nursing Paper

16.0 pts

Incorrectly describes the limitations found in the study.

8.0 pts

Does not describe the limitations found in the study.

0.0 pts

20.0 pts
Findings

(Describe, analyze, and summarize the findings reported in the study in your own words)

Fully describes, analyzes, and summarizes the findings of the study in detail.

20.0 pts

Generally, describes, and analyzes the findings of the study.Research Article Critique Nursing Paper

18.0 pts

Briefly summarizes the findings of the study.

16.0 pts

Incorrectly identifies the findings from the study

8.0 pts

Does not describe the findings of the study.

0.0 pts

20.0 pts
Summary of Article

(Summarize important points from the body of your paper including the key components of the paper and discuss the probability of implementation into practice.)

Summarizes study in detail and states specific rationale for whether a change in practice is warranted.

25.0 pts

Generally, summarizes study. Gives broad rationale for whether a change in practice is warranted.Research Article Critique Nursing Paper

22.0 pts

Briefly summarizes study and states rationale for whether a change in practice is warranted.

20.0 pts

Minimally summarizes study. Gives poor rationale for whether a change in practice is warranted.

10.0 pts

Does not summarize study and does not give rationale for whether a change in practice is warranted.

0.0 pts

25.0 pts
Grammar, Punctuation, and Spelling/ APA Formatting

(No errors in grammar, punctuation, spelling, and APA formatting.)

No errors in grammar, punctuation, APA, and spelling.

20.0 pts

One to four errors in grammar, spelling.

18.0 pts

Five to eight errors in grammar, spelling, and syntax.

16.0 pts

Nine to twelve errors in grammar, spelling, and syntax.

8.0 pts

Thirteen or more errors to the point where it is difficult to understand the meaning of the student’s writing.

0.0 pts

20.0 pts
Total Points: 175.0Research Article Critique Nursing Paper