The Critical Reflection of Theory Nursing Paper

The Critical Reflection of Theory Nursing Paper

Using Chinn and Kramer’s guide for the Critical Reflection of Theory, analyze Whittemore and Roy’s theory on Adapting to Diabetes Mellitus. Compose a critical reflection by answering the following questions and discussing with your colleagues.
1. How clear is this theory?
2. How simple is this theory?
3. How general is this theory?
4. How accessible is this theory?
5. How important is this theory

Module VIII: The Critical Reflection of Theory 

Outcomes

Upon completion of the module students will be able to:

  • describe critical reflection and how it is used to evaluate theory.
  • discuss the process for critical reflection.
  • apply the guidelines to form a complete critical reflection of a nursing theory.The Critical Reflection of Theory Nursing Paper

Topics Index

The following topics are covered in this module.

  1. The Critical Reflection of Theory
  2. How Clear is This Theory?
  3. How Simple is This Theory?
  4. How General is This Theory?
  5. How Accessible is This Theory?
  6. How Important is This Theory?

These topics are designed to direct your readings, assist you in the development of assignments, and prepare you for module discussions.

BUY A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERE

  1. The Critical Reflection of Theory

Nurses have always evaluated theories. They evaluated theories to apply to practice, to develop curricula, to use in teaching, to operationalize for research, and to use in daily decision-making.The Critical Reflection of Theory Nursing Paper. These evaluations may be deliberate, systematic, criteria based, objective, conscious, and elaborate, or they may be subjective, experiential, quick, and based on a limited set of criteria.

Theory evaluation, or theory critique, follows theory description and analysis. It assesses the theory’s potential contribution to the disciplines knowledge base. Evaluation of theory is an essential component of nursing practice and of knowledge development for several reasons:
to decide which theory is more appropriate to use as a framework for research, teaching, or administration
to compare and contrast different explanations of the same phenomenon, to assess beliefs of a discipline
to define a disciplines domain, and to be a critical consumer of theories.

For example, you may use Maslow’s theory in understanding a patient’s needs. The next set of questions to ask and reflect on is: Why did you select to use this theory in your work?The Critical Reflection of Theory Nursing Paper. Why not other theories that may provide a different set of equally plausible explanations?

The decision to use one theory and not another involves both subjective and objective processes that are equally important. One can select a theory by using a number of well-defined criteria and by systematically evaluating the theory using each of these criteria. Therefore, the decision becomes highly objective. However, if the theory’s assumptions are not congruent with ours, if we are not convinced by the theorist’s background, or if we are not comfortable with other work done by the theorist, the decision process becomes subjective. On the other hand, a selection may be based on personal work with the theorist and, without making a decision per se, on continuing to use the theory.

To simplify any evaluation, the components must be broken down. For example, when a research project is critiqued, the analysis is done along structural criteria, such as the introduction, conceptual framework, research questions and hypotheses, methodology, results, discussion, conclusions, and limitations. The critique is completed by looking for clarity, significance, timeliness, and documentation (among other criteria)The Critical Reflection of Theory Nursing Paper. To objectively analyze and critique theories, numerous criteria have been recommended by a number of authors. Each one of the evaluation criteria offered in nursing literature addresses one aspect of a theory to the exclusion of others. Chinn and Kramer offer an approach to evaluating theories based more on criteria for evaluation of psychological theory. They recommended evaluating theories by considering fiver criteria: clarity (semantic clarity, semantic clarity, structural clarity, and structural consistency), simplicity, generality, accessibility, and importance of the theory. The authors provide a list of questions to assist the evaluator in making an objective decision about the level of the criteria.

Critical reflection involves determining how well a theory serves its purpose, with the process of evaluation resulting in a decision or action about use of the theory. This involves evaluating how the theory is used to direct nursing practice and interventions and whether or not it contributes to favorable outcomes. Critical reflection analyzes clarity and consistency of the theory as well as its complexity, generality, accessibility, and importance. Therefore, questions for critical reflection are:The Critical Reflection of Theory Nursing Paper

  1. How clear is this theory?
    2. How simple is this theory?
    3. How general is this theory?
    4. How accessible is this theory?
    5. How important is this theory?
  2. How Clear is This Theory?

Clarity is defined on a continuum ranging from high to low. It denotes precision of boundaries, a communication of a sense or orderliness, vividness of meaning, and consistency through the theory. Chinn & Kramer define clarity as "semantically and structurally lucid and consistent"(246). Clarity is demonstrated in assumptions, concepts, and propositions, as well as in concepts. To have clarity in concepts is to have theoretical and operational definitions that are consistent throughout the theory, are presented in a parsimonious manner, and are consistent with theory assumptions. Questions such as "Are concepts operationally defined?"The Critical Reflection of Theory Nursing Paper and "Do they seem to have content and construct validity?" help to determine concept clarity. Semantic clarity and consistency refer to understanding the intended meaning of the concepts. Structural clarity and consistency reflect understanding the connections between concepts within the theory and the theory as a whole.

Semantic clarity pertains to the definitions of the concepts. Are the concepts defined? Do the concepts establish empirical meaning? Semantic clarity may be obscured by terms borrowed from other disciplines. For example, emotional distress and emotional burden have common meanings however, they have more specific theoretical meanings in medicine and psychology. Clarity may also be affected when a theorist invents or coins words to represent an idea.

Semantic consistency refers to the use of concepts of the theory that are consistent with their definition. The purpose of the theory, definition of concepts, relationships, examples, and diagrams need to be consistent with the stated assumptions of the theory. Are the concepts used consistently? Are the concepts congruent with their definitions?

Semantic clarity refers to how understandable the connections and reasonings are within the theory. Structural clarity allows for the conceptual network to be recognized and an organization of the concepts, rather than gaps in the flow of the theory. Are the connections and reasonings within the theory understandable?The Critical Reflection of Theory Nursing Paper.

Semantic consistency refers to the consistent use of the structure throughout the theory. Theories are commonly built around one predominant structural form. One form may provide the general profile for the conceptual relationships while subcomponents of the theory take on a different form. Is the structure of the theory consistent in its form? 

  1. How Simple is This Theory?

Another criterion to critique a theory is its level of simplicity/complexity. Is the theory simple or complex? The more phenomena the theory considers the more potential relationships it could generate, and the more complex it becomes. Simplicity of a theory is more desirable if it focuses on few concepts and few relationships that may enhance its utility. Complexity of a theory may be a desirable criterion if the complexity enhances the number of explanations and predictions the theory offers.The Critical Reflection of Theory Nursing Paper. Therefore, simplicity in the face of complex contextual reality is as unadvisable as complexity in theory would be when the theory explains a limited number of relationships. Chinn & Kramer advocate simplicity in tested theory, and as a means for generating ideas and hypotheses, but question the value of simplicity in untested theory.

  1. How General is This Theory?

Generality refers to the "breadth of scope and purpose; a general theory can be applied to a broad array of situations"(Chinn & Kramer, 2018, p. 208). A theory with broad concepts encompasses more ideas with fewer words compared to narrow concepts. Generality combined with simplicity yields parsimony. Parsimony is a theory trait that incorporates simplicity with generality, by providing a broad range for the theory, yet stated in simple terms.

Questions addressing the generality of a theory include:The Critical Reflection of Theory Nursing Paper

  • Does the theory cover a wide scope of experiences and phenomena?
  • Does the purpose apply to all or only some practice areas?
  1. How Accessible is This Theory?

Accessibility refers to the degree to which concepts have indicators in observable reality, and subsequently, how attainable the outcomes, goals, and purposes of the theory are. Therefore, it addresses the extent to which concepts with the theory are grounded in empirically identifiable phenomena.

Questions addressing the accessibility of the theory include:

  • How accessible is the theory?
  • How well are concepts grounded in empirically identifiable phenomena?
  • Are they within the realm of nursing?
  1. How Important is This Theory?

Importance of the theory refers to the extent to which a theory leads to valued nursing goals in practice, research, and education. A thorough review and assessment of theory has to consider its potential for operationalization and utilization in nursing practice. A practitioner who is considering using a theory in some practice area should critique the theory in terms of its functions, goals, consequences, and potential for practice. When a theory is to be used in nursing research, a critique of the theory should include questions related to its contribution to research and the theory’s potential for testability.The Critical Reflection of Theory Nursing Paper.

Questions addressing the importance of a theory include:

  • How can the theory contribute to nursing practice, research, and education?
  • Is the theory’s position regarding people, nursing, and the environment consistent with nursing philosophy?
  • Is the stated or implied purpose one that is important to nursing, and why?
  • Will research that is based on the theory answer important questions?

 

 
Module VIII  
Readings Chinn & Kramer, Chapter 8.

Whittemore, R., & Roy, S. C. (2002)The Critical Reflection of Theory Nursing Paper. Adapting to diabetes mellitus: A theory synthesis. Nursing Science Quarterly, 15, 311-317.

Forum Discussion  

Using Chinn and Kramer’s guide for the Critical Reflection of Theory, analyze Whittemore and Roy’s theory on Adapting to Diabetes Mellitus. Compose a critical reflection by answering the following questions and discussing with your colleagues.

 

The Critical Reflection of Theory Nursing Paper