The Parents’ Guide To Teaching Children With Asperger’s Disorder (AD) Assignment

The Parents’ Guide To Teaching Children With Asperger’s Disorder (AD) Assignment

What is Asperger Disorder?

Asperger’s disorder or Asperger syndrome is a form of Autism Spectrum Disorder. The characteristic features of AD are similar to those of Autism Spectrum with the exception of the language impairment. In Asperger’s disorder, cognitive abilities and major adaptive skills are age appropriate, whereas social communication is impaired.The Parents’ Guide To Teaching Children With Asperger’s Disorder (AD) Assignment

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Children with Aspereg’s disoredr may have difficulties:

  • Making friends
  • Understnding people body language
  • Avoid eye contact
  • Avoid people or do not know how to interact with people
  • Have habits and are strict about changing the rituals
  • Have unusual reaction to sensory stimulus
  • Understanding others feelings
  • Speaking about their own feelings
  • Have intense interest and interested in few things.

What are the signs and symptoms of AD?

Symptoms of AD very from one child to the other. In general, they fall into three catogories:

  1. Social impairment
  2. Communication difficulties
  3. Repetitive and stereotyped behaviors.The Parents’ Guide To Teaching Children With Asperger’s Disorder (AD) Assignment

 

Children with AD do not follow the usual developmental partern in communication and socia skills. They may develop normally until age two or three and start to lose interest in others. They may also, become silent, withdrawn, or indifferent to social signals.

 

Social interaction

  • start interactions with others, and have challenges maintaining conversation
  • interact with people for specific reasons and not for socialization.
  • Interact awkwardly and no eye contact.
  • Has challenges interacting with children than adults.
  • not show emotion or empathy.

 The Parents’ Guide To Teaching Children With Asperger’s Disorder (AD) Assignment 

Communication and language

  • have verbal cognitive abilities
  • Communicate with others when the topic of discussion is of interest to them.
  • Do not ask questions, and answer when the topic doesn’t interest them.
  • use exaggerated or monotonous tone

 

Repetitive or persistent behaviors

  • Repetitive movements
  • Obsessive interests in particular topic.
  • prefer routines and rules
  • not respond well to change.

How Asperger Spectrum Disorder is Diagnosed

A child may be diagnosed with AD if they all the signs and symptoms above and or still have:

  • Impairment in social relationship with people such as not able to:
    • Maintain eye-to-eye contact; make facial expression, body postures, and gestures to regulate social interaction
    • Develop peer relationships appropriate to developmental level
    • Spontaneously seek to share enjoyment, interests, or achievements with other people (e.g. by a lack of showing, bringing, or pointing out objects of interest to other people).The Parents’ Guide To Teaching Children With Asperger’s Disorder (AD) Assignment
    • show interest in social or emotional exchange
  • Repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior without a delay or marked abnormality in language development and usage
  • There is no clinically significant delay in cognitive development or in the development of age-appropriate self-help skills, adaptive behavior (other than social interaction), and curiosity about the environment in childhood.
  • Criteria are not met for another specific Pervasive Developmental Disorder or Schizophrenia.
  • The disturbance causes the child not able to function socially, occupationally, or in other important areas of life.

The Parents’ Guide To Teaching Children With Asperger’s Disorder (AD) Assignment

Pathophysiology

 

The contributory factors in the causation of AS includes, abnormalities in multiple brain regions and networks during the fetal development. Hereditary, environmental exposure to air pollution, perinatal complications associated with hypoxia, and viral infection also play a role in its development.

Treatment Options: Parents meet your challenges and help your children thrive

Parent Training

Parents are taught to facilitate social and communication development within the home and during activities by targeting pivotal social behaviors for mastery by the child with.

Social training

Group therapy-children are giving guided practice in initiating social conversation, greetings, imitating games, and joint attention. Emotion identification and regulation are often included in practice with recognizing and learning how to label emotions in a given social situation, learning to attribute appropriate emotional reactions

Therapy

Using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), the child could learn ways of thinking, so he can control his emotions, as well as his repetitive behavior.The Parents’ Guide To Teaching Children With Asperger’s Disorder (AD) Assignment

Medications

Classes of medications often used to treat AD are: Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSR), Antipsychotics and stimulants

References

 

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.The Parents’ Guide To Teaching Children With Asperger’s Disorder (AD) Assignment

Mandy, W., & Lai, M. (2016). Annual

research review: The role of the environment in the developmental psychopathology of autism spectrum condition. Journal Of Child Psychology And Psychiatry, 57(3), 271-292. doi:10.1111/jcpp.12501

Sadock, B. J., Sadock, V. A., & Ruiz, P. (2014). Kaplan & Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry: Behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry (11th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.

Woods, A. G., Mahdavi, E., & Ryan, J. P. (2013). Treating clients with Asperger’s syndrome and autism. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 7, 32. http://doi.org/10.1186/1753-2000-7-32.The Parents’ Guide To Teaching Children With Asperger’s Disorder (AD) Assignment